- On 10 August 2023, ADS-B became mandatory in Canadian Class A airspace – that’s everything above FL180.
- It was the first phase of a progressive rollout, thanks to space-based technology. Class B will follow on 16 May 2024, while the other classes are slated for 2026.
- A new AIC has been published with all the info, which you can find here. The key points are summarized below.
What equipment do I need?
- A transponder with ADS-B out capability that meet the minimum performance standards (or better) found in this fancy document. This needs to be attached to an antenna that can broadcast to ADS-B receivers both on the ground, and in space.
- You can also find more on this in section 551.103 of the Canadian Aviation Regulations.
Extra Flight Planning Requirements
- If you plan on entering airspace where the ADS-B mandate applies, there is some extra stuff you need to include in item 10b of your ICAO flight plan (assuming you have all the right gear on board).
- Use the code ‘B1’ if you have ADS-B Out only, or ‘B2’ if you have ADS-B In and Out.
- You’ll also need to include ‘SUR/CANMANDATE’ in item 18.
- One other gotcha – make sure the flight identification (flight number or aircraft reg) broadcast by your ADS-B equipment exactly matches the one used in item 7 of your flight plan. Lest there be trouble down the track!
My ride doesn’t have this fanciness. What are my options?
- NAV CANADA will do their best to accommodate aircraft who don’t have the right gear on board, in the same way they’ll work to fit non-transponder equipped aircraft into transponder mandatory airspace.
- They’ll assess each application on a first-come, first-served basis. It takes time to figure out behind the scenes, and so you’ll need to ask at least three business days before your flight.
- There may also be suggested re-routes to make your request possible, along with special comments to include in Item 18 of your flight plan.
- You can apply for an exemption online, here. If you have a number of flights to operate, you can also submit a blanket request via email@example.com.
90 Day Grace Period
- From now until November 8, a grace period is being applied. It’s not really a ‘get out of jail free’ card, but is designed to help operators come to terms with the changes.
- No aviation occurrence reports (AORs) will be filed during this period if a non-equipped aircraft happens to enter without approval. There is still an expectation that the proper procedures will be followed.
More on the topic:
- More: ADS-B Mandates in 2023
- More: Cloaking Devices: The ADS-B Privacy Issue
- More: Canada: The AGN and what to do with it
- More: Are you ADS-Being watched?
- More: Please CAN you PASS the info?